Solurile





Solurile

-      poz geografica a României pe continent a det interferenta mai multor tipuri de soluri (E-cenusii de padure, V-brune, brune acide de padure, S-brun roscate de padure)

            -           soluri azonale -            halomorfe (saraturi) -  in stepa si silvostepa

                                                                                                                                                                                    -            C Rom, C Moldovei, Banat

                                                                                    -           hidromorfe (lacovisti)-           solul e imbibat cu exces de apa

                                                                                                                                                                                                -           lunca si DD, Campia joasa a Banatului, C Crisurilor

                                                                                    -           aluvionare de lunca     -           de-a  lungul tuturor luncilor neinundate

                                                                                                                                                                                    -            sunt bune pt cult zarzavaturilor

                                                                                    -           nisipoase          -           sudul Olteniei, malurile Dun, Jiului, Ialom, Calmatui, lit MN, C Carei

            -           soluri zonale:  

 

 

caracteristici

subtipuri

 

Molisoluri

- in z. de stepa si ilvostepa

- pp <500mm/an, tma ridicate

- bogate in substante nutritive

- dau recolte bogate

cernoziomuri

balane dobrogrene

(stepa)

E-ul C Rom, Pod Casimcei si Dobr S, SE Pod Mold, CV

cernoziom levigat

(silvostepa)

C Rom ( C Vlasiei), C Mold, C Trans, CV

Argiluvisoluri

- in zona dealurilor joase

- sub padurile de stejar

brun-roscate de padure

 

Pod Mold (Pod Sucevei si Pod Barladului), Pod Getic, Pod Trans, Pod Dobr (M Macin, Pod Babadag), DV

cenusii de padure

 

Subcarpati, M-tii scunzi din C Occ, Dealurile mai inalte din Pod Trans si Pod Sucevei

Cambisoluri

- sub padurile de fag

- fertilitate ridicata

- favorabile cult de vita de vie, pomi fructiferi, sf de zahar, cartof, orez, ovaz

brune

brune acide de padure

Subcarpati

Spodosoluri

- prefera un climat mai rece

- pp de peste 1000mm

- sub pad de conifere sau amestec (podzoluri)

- sub pajisti alpine (alpine brune acide)

podzolice

>800-1800m in C Or, C Mer, C Occ

 

alpine brune acide

C Or – M Maram, Rodna, Suhard, Calimani, Ceahlau, Ciucas

C Mer – Bucegi, Fagaras, Leaota, Parang, Retezat-Godeanu

M Apuseni – M Bihor, M Mare, M Vladeasa

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